For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser.

Jobs & Careers

Average graduate salaries in the UK 2023

To support our site, we may use links which earn us a commission at no extra cost to you.

When it comes to choosing your degree, should you follow your heart or the money? Our guide to average graduate starting salaries can help you make the call...

Graduate cap and fifty pound note

Credit: ANDRANIK HAKOBYAN, kamui29, By Abstract and Background – Shutterstock

There are many factors that affect how big your graduate starting salary will be. The four biggies are: the employer, the industry, the location, and job market competition.

If you're a recent graduate looking for work, employers increasingly want to know how much you think you're worth. It's a common question during job interviews, so it's best to be prepared with an answer. This guide will give you the ballpark figures for degree subjects so you don't sell yourself short.

Studying for a particular degree doesn't mean you have to pursue a related career. Check out this list of the top skills employers really look for.

Graduate salaries in 2023

The current average graduate salary in the UK is just over £24,000*, according to the Graduate Outcomes report by HESA (Higher Education Statistics Agency).

However, we've heard folk reporting everything between £16,000 and £90,000.

As you'd expect (and as we'll cover in more detail below), the lower end of this scale is representative of graduate salaries in professions like Journalism and the Arts. Meanwhile, you're more likely to find graduate salaries at the top end of this scale in areas like Banking or Computer Science.

Ultimately, the average figure is just that: an average. Depending on the subject you study, the industry you want to work in, plus a whole range of other factors, you could end up earning significantly higher or lower than the average.

Average graduate salaries in each industry

These are the typical starting salaries for UK graduates** based on the industries they choose to work in:

Art (creative, visual and performance)

Paint on a palette

Credit: Elena Efimova – Shutterstock

As you probably already know if you're interested in the field, the graduate job market for art students isn't the most flush with cash.

For those wanting to get into Creative Arts (design, music, and performing or visual arts), salaries vary vastly. But keep in mind that the industry you work in could make a considerable difference.

A typical starting salary for a curatorial position (e.g. Assistant Curator) is usually between £18,000 – £25,000. But, there's the potential to earn upwards of £40,000 later in your career if and when you progress to a more senior position.

Going for a career in the digital arts has the potential to offer you a higher salary. With everything shifting online, graphic and digital designers are pretty high in demand these days.

This means that, although a graduate salary could start between £15,000 – £19,000, it can rise to £27,000 once you've got a bit of experience. Later on in your career, you could expect to earn between £35,000 – £60,000 a year depending on your role.

If you're keen to find out more about the gender pay gap, check out our detailed guide.

Banking and Accountancy

Salaries for Accountancy vary considerably depending on location, size of company and specialisation.

Graduates becoming Chartered Accountants can expect a starting salary of up to £40,000. However, graduates have reported earning anything between £17,000 and £50,000 in their first job.

Those who enter Banking (unsurprisingly) get the big bucks, with the average graduate salary in Operational Investment Banking often sitting in the £25,000 – £50,000 range. This can quickly rise, with many Operational Investment Bankers earning well over £100,000 a year plus bonuses.

Business, Marketing and Management

Business and Management degrees can open up doors to some seriously well-paid careers in Accountancy or Investment Banking. You've also got options in Marketing, Media, Human Resources (HR) and Retail Management.

A starting salary in Retail Management will likely be in the range of £17,000 – £23,000, but some graduate training schemes pay handsomely for impressive candidates.

Budget supermarket chain Aldi is a go-to for its Area Manager grad scheme, which pays £44,000 in the first year. If that doesn't quite do it for you, they'll throw in a car, too.

A career in HR will see you start on something between £18,000 – £23,000 (rising rapidly with more experience and qualifications). On the other hand, Digital Marketers can expect a starting salary between £18,000 – £22,000, again increasing substantially with experience.

Computer Science

computer coding on a screen

Your career path will depend on what you specialise in, but IT industries are on the up. They offer heaps of choice: programming, front- and back-end development, systems analysis, web design, UX design, online security, games and apps. The list really is endless.

Starting salaries vary a lot for this type of work as the roles are so varied, but typically, they'll be around £25,000. It's worth mentioning that despite this average, graduates have reported receiving anything from £17,000 – £70,000 in IT roles.

Going to university isn't all about the money. Here are the arguments for and against it being worth getting a degree.


There are tonnes of ways to get into teaching right now, many of which are generously funded.

Currently, the starting salary for qualified teachers in England (outside of London) is up to £38,810, depending on where you live. In Scotland, you'll start on £28,113 in your probation year. Newly qualified teachers start on a £28,866 salary in Wales. In Northern Ireland, you'll be looking at £24,137.


While the Graduate Recruitment Bureau puts the average salary for an Engineering graduate at £27,500, subject specialism can make a difference to your salary.

As we outline below, graduates of Chemical Engineering earn an average of £30,000 in their first job, while Civil Engineers nab an average starting salary of £27,700.


Jim Carrey Bruce Almighty typing fast

Credit: Universal Pictures

Humanities degrees are fairly flexible when it comes to job hunting. On the one hand, you may not be sure quite what you're going to do when you graduate. On the other, having a bank of transferable skills means that Media, MarketingTeaching and other industries are great options too.

The average graduate salary in Publishing and Journalism can be anywhere from £15,000 – £26,000. You're typically expected to start at the bottom and work your way through the ranks.

Unpaid internships are sadly common in writing roles (although it's definitely possible to make money writing), but postgrad or in-house training could help you bag a better starting position. There's a possibility to make money freelancing, too, especially in writing and editing. Check out National Union of Journalists to get an idea of rates.

The bottom rung in Film and Television work is as a Runner. According to BECTU, the UK's media union, the recommended pay (if you get any, that is) is £10.85 – £15.23 per hour (excluding Holiday Pay). Sadly, as competition is so fierce, there's little chance of your pay increasing.

Have a look at BECTU (the UK's media union), or big players such as the BBC, for training and apprenticeship opportunities.


You might think of Law as a quick win for your pay packet, but the reality is that starting salaries vary massively.

The Law Society recommends that Trainee Solicitors be paid at least £21,024 (£23,703 in London), but note that isn't an enforceable rule. However, depending on the role and the company, you could earn much more in your first job – up to £50,000 in some cases.

As for Pupil Barristers? The Bar Standards Board says that you must be paid at least £17,152 (£19,144 in London) for a full 12-month pupillage in England and Wales. However, some can pay as much as £50,000 or more, depending on who you work for.

Life Sciences

Trainee Clinical Scientists typically start on band 6 of the NHS' pay scale, which equates to £33,706 a year.

Podiatrists, meanwhile, enter on band 5, where the salary for those with less than two years of experience is £27,055.

And remember, in the NHS it's always possible to go up a pay band as your skills and experience increase.

Medicine and Nursing

Scrubs characters sharing a lab coat

Credit: ABC

If you think Medicine is always the fast track to a fat wallet, you may be in for a shock: starting salaries are often no greater than for Humanities careers. However, you'll likely be able to earn more money in less time, plus have access to better leave, sick pay and other job benefits.

The big money comes in when you start specialising. Either way, the further training required can be hard-going and only worth it if you're prepared to stick with it for the long haul.

Graduates going into Adult Nursing start at band 5 on the NHS pay scale, giving them a starting salary of £27,055.

Junior doctors in their first year of postgrad foundation training earn a minimum of £29,384 (boosted to £34,012 by Foundation Year 2). Once you've started training for a speciality, you can earn between £40,257 – £53,398.

Newly qualified Dentists can expect to earn around £35,000 a year, while in Veterinary Medicine the average starting salary ranges from £30,000 – £35,000.

It's worth joining (free) sites like the Graduate Recruitment Bureau and CV Library. They'll help you get the job you want with the salary you deserve.

Graduate salary by degree

Below is a list detailing the average salaries of graduates, regardless of which industry they ended up in.

Don't forget that your earnings will increase with experience. It also depends a lot on what career path you take. Make the most of your degree and scope out further training requirements and grad schemes early on.

SubjectGraduate starting salary
Accounting and Finance£25,000
Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering£28,000
African and Middle Eastern Studies£29,000
Agriculture and Forestry£23,000
American Studies£24,000
Art and Design£21,800
Artificial intelligence£29,100
Asian Studies£25,000
Biological Sciences£23,700
Biomedical Sciences£24,900
Business and Management Studies£25,400
Celtic Studies£24,900
Chemical Engineering£30,000
Childhood and Youth Studies£21,000
Civil Engineering£27,000
Communication and Media Studies£21,500
Complementary Medicine£30,000
Computer Science£28,000
Counselling, Psychotherapy and Occupational Therapy£24,900
Creative Writing£20,500
Diagnostic Radiography£25,000
Drama, Dance and Cinematics£22,000
Electrical and Electronic Engineering£28,000
Film Making£21,000
Food Science£24,900
Forensic Science£21,200
General Engineering£29,000
Geography and Environmental Science£24,500
Health Studies£24,000
History of Art, Architecture and Design£23,000
Hospitality and catering£23,500
Human Resources Management£24,000
Iberian Languages£25,000
Information Technology and Systems£25,000
Land and Property Management£25,400
Manufacturing and Production Engineering£28,000
Marine biology£20,000
Materials Technology£26,600
Mechanical Engineering£28,000
Medical Technology and Bioengineering£25,000
Optometry, Ophthalmics and Orthoptics£17,000
Paramedic Science£24,900
Pharmacology and Pharmacy£31,000
Physics and Astronomy£28,000
Prosthetics and Orthotics£25,000
Russian and East European Languages£25,000
Social Policy£24,000
Social Work£29,000
Speech and Language Therapy£24,900
Sports Science£23,000
Theology and Religious Studies£24,400
Therapeutic Radiography£24,900
Tourism, Transport, Travel and Heritage Studies£22,000
Town and Country Planning and Landscape Design£25,000
Veterinary Medicine£31,000
Youth Work£22,000

Copyright Complete University Guide © 2022

These are the subjects with the highest earning potential, but what about where you study? Check out the best universities for graduate salary.

How to choose a career

It's true that some degree disciplines lead to big money faster than others. But, don't get too hung up on it.

There's no point in earning £40,000 a year if it means you end up savouring loo breaks as an escape from the mindless monotony. Choose something that you're passionate about (or at least vaguely enjoy) and you'll be more likely to stick at it, work harder, and be open to new opportunities. There are tons of routes to a healthy salary.

Don't judge your future career (or any of your choices, for that matter!) on money alone. Success could be owning your own business, travelling the world or anything in between. Keep your eyes on the prize, not just the paycheque, and you'll find the right route for you. Good luck!

Can't wait to start earning the big bucks? Check out the best-paid part-time jobs for students and make some serious cash.

* Based on data from HESA, reported by Luminate.
** This data represents average figures collated from multiple sources, including HESA, Graduate Recruitment Bureau, Prospects, NHS careers, All About Law, Bar Standards Board, Complete University Guide, National Careers Service, Office for National Statistics, CV Library and our own surveys.

Jake Butler

WRITTEN BY Jake Butler

Jake joined Save the Student in 2010 and is the COO. As an expert across student finance, Jake has appeared on The BBC, The Guardian, Which?, ITV, Channel 5 and many other outlets. He particularly enjoys sharing tips on saving money and making extra money with opportunities like paid surveys and part-time jobs.
Read more


Tweet / Instagram DM / Facebook DM / Email